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Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War$
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Jon Thares Davidann

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832254

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832254.001.0001

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In Search of a New Identity

In Search of a New Identity

Shiga Shigetaka’s Recommendations for Japanese in Hawai‘i

Chapter 7 In Search of a New Identity
Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War

Masako Gavin

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses the Japanese immigration to Hawai‘i after the Sino-Japanese War. The wave of migration started in 1885, when 945 Japanese permanently settled in Hawai‘i due to overpopulation and unemployment. The number of Japanese immigrants steadily increased, so that by 1909 there were 70,000—more than a half of the total population—Japanese living in Hawai‘i. This move toward permanent settlement coincided with the Americanization of the country as well as the growing discontent about the cheapness of Japanese labor and the increasing number of Nisei. As a result, the Issei (first-generation Japanese emigrants) experienced a long period of transition in which they searched for a new identity and remained Japanese subjects—“aliens ineligible for citizenship” until 1954.

Keywords:   Japanese immigration, Sino-Japanese War, Americanization, Nisei, migration, Issei

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