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Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War$
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Jon Thares Davidann

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832254

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832254.001.0001

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Americanizing Hawai‘i’s Japanese

Americanizing Hawai‘i’s Japanese

A Transnational Partnership and the Politics of Racial Harmony during the 1920s

(p.119) Chapter 5 Americanizing Hawai‘i’s Japanese
Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War

Hiromi Monobe

University of Hawai'i Press

This essay presents how four different parties—local Issei leaders, Hawai‘i's white elites, Japanese diplomats, and social elites of Japan—became involved in a “campaign of education” (keihatsu undō) in Hawai‘i during the 1920s. Studies on Japanese Americans in Hawai‘i considered this campaign as part of the Americanization Movement that took place throughout the islands as well as in the continental United States. Conducted by white progressives, the Americanization Movement was a liberal political project intended to assimilate new immigrants into dominant Anglo-American culture. According to the theory, the vestiges of ethnic cultures were to disappear completely in the process of their metamorphosis from “foreigners” to full-fledged “Americans.”

Keywords:   Issei leaders, white elites, diplomats, social elites, education, Americanization Movement, Anglo-American culture

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