This chapter describes how alternate attendance affected the lives of a broad spectrum of people in Tokugawa, Japan. Peasants who paid taxes to support the lord's travel, transported the baggage and men in his procession, and maintained the roads; members of the samurai status group who participated in the system and the support staff who attended to them; and all the members of the daimyo retainer bands and their families were directly impacted by the forced “loans” the lord collected from their stipends, which were largely due to financial exigencies caused by the economic burden of alternate attendance. In addition to the economic impact, families were also affected in numerous ways by the physical absence of one or more of their male members.
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