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Anthropology's Global HistoriesThe Ethnographic Frontier in German New Guinea, 1870-1935$
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Rainer F. Buschmann

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831844

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831844.001.0001

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Toward a Global History of Anthropology

Toward a Global History of Anthropology

(p.1) Introduction Toward a Global History of Anthropology
Anthropology's Global Histories

Rainer F. Buschmann

University of Hawai'i Press

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the increasing reconciliation between the disciplines of anthropology and history. It then to European exploration of the Pacific Ocean and the emergence of two leading concerns during the last decades of the eighteenth and the early decades of the nineteenth centuries: ethnic boundaries and ethnographic frontiers. From the 1800s forward, learned individuals looked to the Pacific Ocean for answers to cultural and racial puzzles. The delineation of ethnic boundaries became a primary concern in the local delineation of Oceania's vast liquid spaces. The term “ethnographic frontier” has been greatly inspired by world historical inquiries. Initially outlined by American historian Frederick Jackson Turner, the term expanded in meaning to indicate a process of progressive settlement that promised insights into the unique American character of the early twentieth century. The term is now considered a fluid construct that involves constant negotiations, whether peaceful or violent. An overview of the subsequent chapters is also presented.

Keywords:   anthropology, history, exploration, Pacific Ocean, ethnic boundaries, ethnographic frontiers

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