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American AlohaCultural Tourism and the Negotiation of Tradition$
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Heather A. Diamond

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831714

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831714.001.0001

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(p.213) Conclusion
American Aloha

Heather A. Diamond

University of Hawai'i Press

This conclusion reflects on a number of issues related to the 1989 Hawaiʻi program at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival (SFF). It first considers questions about the intent of folklife festivals in general before discussing how the Hawaiʻi program successfully re-imaged Hawaiʻi in relation to the rest of the nation, made ethnic groups that had been effectively erased both visible and storied, and most importantly, celebrated Hawaiʻi folklife and people. It then shows how the Hawaiʻi program was used to foreground a national narrative of cultural diversity as a counter-narrative to cultural homogeneity. It also explains how the Festival and the restaging reinforced the notion that geniality, hospitality, reciprocity, and inclusivity are qualities inherent in Hawaiʻi lifestyles. Finally, it describes the Hawaiʻi program as an interactive performance zone in which ideologies of power were encoded and decoded between its frames, staff, and participants.

Keywords:   restaging, Hawaiʻi program, Smithsonian Folklife Festival, folklife, Hawaiʻi, ethnic groups, cultural diversity, hospitality, participants, performance

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