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Gender and Globalization in Asia and the PacificMethod, Practice, Theory$
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Kathy E. Ferguson and Monique Mironesco

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831592

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831592.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Breaking the Code

Breaking the Code

Women, Labor Migration, and the 1987 Family Code of the Republic of the Philippines

(p.176) Chapter 10 Breaking the Code
Gender and Globalization in Asia and the Pacific

Rhacel Salazar Parreñas

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines how contradictory views of Filipino women as nurturers and income providers manifest in the laws that govern the state as well as in the practices that maintain the family. The state via the law maintains the ideology of women's domesticity, while its economy ironically relies on the labor-market participation of women. In the family, migrant mothers maintain greater responsibility for nurturing their children than the present but unaccommodating fathers left behind in the Philippines. Indeed, the ideological stall that confronts migrant women maintains the ideology of separate spheres and thereby creates the social pressure for migrant women to retain primary responsibility for the care of their children even from a distance.

Keywords:   labor migration, Filipino women, Philippines, migrant mothers, female labor market, female domesticity

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