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Ha'enaThrough the Eyes of the Ancestors$
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Carlos Andrade

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824831196

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824831196.001.0001

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Hoa‘āina, the Land as Companion

Hoa‘āina, the Land as Companion

(p.25) Chapter Two Hoa‘āina, the Land as Companion

Carlos Andrade

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explores the relationships between ancestors and 'āina in Hā'ena by focusing on stories attached to the land, including those involving underwater places. As younger siblings, Hawaiian people inherit a kuleana (responsibility) to mālama (keep, obey, pay heed to, care for) 'āina and kalo. These primary values were to become the foundation for the system of living patterns developed by the ancestors. This chapter considers the ancestral relationship to place by explaining Hawaiian-language terminology and how Hā'ena is situated geographically within the Hawaiian Islands. It begins with a discussion of mokupuni, the word for island, and proceeds with other storied places such as “Kaua'i o Manokalanipo,” Makana, Makua, Maniniholo, Mānoa, Lae o Ka 'Īlio, Poholokeiki, Pu'ukahuanui, and Kalua'āweoweo.

Keywords:   ancestors, 'āina, Hā'ena, Hawaiian Islands, mokupuni, places, Kaua'i o Manokalanipo, Mānoa, Lae o Ka 'Īlio, Kalua'āweoweo

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