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Zhao, G. (2013-02-28). Conclusion. In The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757. : University of Hawai'i Press. Retrieved 18 Sep. 2021, from https://hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com/view/10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.001.0001/upso-9780824836436-chapter-11.