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Facing the Spears of Change
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Facing the Spears of Change: The Life and Legacy of John Papa `I`i

Marie Alohalani Brown

Abstract

Facing the Spears of Change takes a close look at the extraordinary life of John Papa ʻĪʻī. Over the years, ʻĪʻī faced many personal and political changes and challenges in rapid succession, which he skillfully parried or grasped firmly and then used to fend off other attacks. He began serving in the household of Kamehameha I as an attendant in 1810, when he was ten. As an attendant, ʻĪʻī was highly familiar with the inner workings of the royal household. He went on to become an influential statesman, privy to the shifting modes of governance adopted by the Hawaiian kingdom. ʻĪʻī’s intelligenc ... More

Keywords: Hawaii, Native Hawaiian, Hawaiian history, Hawaiian religion, Hawaiian culture, biography, Kamehameha, Hawaiian Kingdom

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780824858483
Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824858483.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Marie Alohalani Brown, author
University of Hawai'i at Manoa