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The Pearl FrontierIndonesian Labor and Indigenous Encounters in Australia's Northern Trading Network$
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Julia Martínez and Adrian Vickers

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824840020

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824840020.001.0001

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Master Pearlers on Both Sides of the Frontier

Master Pearlers on Both Sides of the Frontier

(p.55) Chapter Four Master Pearlers on Both Sides of the Frontier
The Pearl Frontier

Julia Martínez

Adrian Vickers

University of Hawai'i Press

At the turn of the twentieth century tightened restrictions in Australia led some pearling masters to move their business to the Netherlands East Indies. In 1904 Queensland's James Clark the Celebes Trading Company (CTC) in order to take out a pearling lease in the Aru Islands. He was later joined by the leading Arab trader Sech Said bin Abdullah Baadilla to form a large consortium. The CTC continued to be an important concern until the late 1930s, and the Clark family used it to create a pearling zone between Aru and Darwin. Another Australian, Henry Hilliard had a Kupang-based pearling company with his son Robin and Alex Chamberlain, and later Herbert Cross. Other Australians worked in the Netherlands East Indies, though it was understood that the CTC held something of a monopoly on the eastern Indonesian pearling industry, despite increasing Japanese competition.

Keywords:   Celebes Trading Company, James Clark, Henry Hilliard, Aru Islands, Kupang, Baadilla, Flores Cooperative Company, pearling

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