This chapter describes the formation of the Kahikinui landscape. The land of Kahikinui was formed of endless lava outpourings that cascaded for tens of thousands of years from the craters and cinder cones that gash and dimple the slopes of Haleakalā. More than anything, Kahikinui is a land of lava, congealed after the fiery flows scorched everything in their path. Far from being monotonous, Kahikinui exhibits significant differences between its older eastern and younger western regions. These differences reflect a quarter of a million years of geological time over which Pele sent down countless lava flows. Meanwhile the inexorable forces of wind and water simultaneously transformed the ʻaʻā and pāhoehoe surfaces into landscapes that the Polynesian colonizers of Kahikinui were to inhabit and farm.
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