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Practicing ScriptureA Lay Buddhist Movement in Late Imperial China$
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Barend ter Haar

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839277

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839277.001.0001

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Charismatic Teachers against the Current

Charismatic Teachers against the Current

(p.50) 3 Charismatic Teachers against the Current
Practicing Scripture

Barend J. ter Haar

University of Hawai'i Press

Although not the historical founders, the figures of Ying Ji’nan (1527/1540-1582) and Yao Wenyu (1578-1646) loom large in the early history of the movement. Ying Ji’nan claimed to be the incarnation of Patriarch Luo, while Yao Wenyu claimed to be the incarnation of Ying Ji’nan, despite the fact that their lives overlapped by almost five years. Ying Ji’nan kept strictly to the iconoclastic teachings of the Five Books in Six Volumes and was arrested numerous times while in front of or very close to the magistrate’s offices. Yao Wenyu was only slightly more willing to compromise, but successfully ducked persecution a various points in his life. He was a very active traveler and missionary, who also faced a schism and repeated attacks by local ritual specialists. In the end, he got entangled in the violent transition of power from the Ming and Qing dynasties, and was betrayed by his own stepson.

Keywords:   Ying Ji’nan, Yao Wenyu, Ming-Qing transition, other late Ming new religious movements, charisma

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