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Eastern Learning and the Heavenly WayThe Tonghak and Chondogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence$
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Carl Young

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838881

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.001.0001

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Ch’ŏndogyo’s Activities before the Annexation, 1908–1910

Ch’ŏndogyo’s Activities before the Annexation, 1908–1910

(p.173) Chapter 7 Ch’ŏndogyo’s Activities before the Annexation, 1908–1910
Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way

Carl F. Young

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter recounts Ch'ŏndogyo's activities from before Korea's annexation. During this time of national trial, Ch'ŏndogyo maintained a generally low profile, but its religious doctrine and organization were further consolidated and church membership grew. Although no longer the official head of the religion, Son Pyŏng-hŭi effectively controlled its spiritual affairs and made highly publicized preaching tours throughout the country. Socially and culturally, Ch'ŏndogyo's gradual financial recovery permitted it to again engage in some educational endeavors, and it also led to the foundation of a monthly magazine, the Ch'ŏndogyohoe wŏlbo (Ch'ŏndogyo monthly). Politically, although Ch'ŏndogyo continued its official position of keeping its religious and political activities separate, individual Ch'ŏndogyo leaders, mainly from the ranks of the reformist converts, did become involved on an individual basis in the Taehan hyŏphoe (Korea Association), which they and former members of the by then defunct Taehan chaganghoe (Korea Self-Strengthening Society) founded in late 1907.

Keywords:   Ch'ŏndogyo, annexation, Son Pyŏng-hŭi, spiritual affairs, financial recovery

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