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Eastern Learning and the Heavenly WayThe Tonghak and Chondogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence$
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Carl Young

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838881

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.001.0001

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Doctrine, Ritual, and Social Action in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908

Doctrine, Ritual, and Social Action in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908

(p.140) Chapter 6 Doctrine, Ritual, and Social Action in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908
Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way

Carl F. Young

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter shows how a process similar to Theravada Buddhism's response to modernity and Christianity in Sri Lanka occurred within Ch'ŏndogyo in Korea. The reforms in doctrine, ritual, and social action, coupled with administrative and structural consolidation, all led to a greater cohesion in organization and ideas. This strengthened Ch'ŏndogyo's image as a native religion that drew from the best of tradition but also positively engaged with the modern world. In this way, it aimed to strengthen its appeal as a Korean alternative to Christianity to those Koreans who wanted a spiritual and ethical basis compatible with an openness to new trends, while remaining faithful to native values.

Keywords:   native religion, native values, Ch'ŏndogyo, doctrine, ritual, social action, modernity, Christianity, Korean alternative to Christianity

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