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Eastern Learning and the Heavenly WayThe Tonghak and Chondogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence$
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Carl Young

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838881

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.001.0001

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Administrative Centralization and Leadership Struggles in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908

Administrative Centralization and Leadership Struggles in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908

Chapter:
(p.113) Chapter 5 Administrative Centralization and Leadership Struggles in Ch’ŏndogyo, 1906–1908
Source:
Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way
Author(s):

Carl F. Young

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.003.0005

This chapter contends that Tonghak's transition to Ch'ŏndogyo is an example of the challenges and opportunities faced by a religion attempting to maintain and increase its hold on modern society. Ch'ŏndogyo reformed its doctrine and ritual to better mesh with changing trends brought forth by modernity. These reforms needed a firm guiding hand, however, to maintain effective cohesion. Government persecution, Son Pyŏng-hŭi's exile, and the growth of his deputy Yi Yong-gu's power as a result of his leadership of the Ilchinhoe had increasingly frayed organizational unity. Further developments, however, brought new organizational opportunities for Ch'ŏndogyo, among them Son's return from Japan and his pursuance a policy of centralization and bureaucratization to recapture full leadership of his nascent movement and lead it to greater independence from politics.

Keywords:   Tonghak, Ch'ŏndogyo, leadership struggles, administrative centralization, bureaucratization, Son Pyŏng-hŭi, modernity, organizational opportunities, organizational unity

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