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Eastern Learning and the Heavenly WayThe Tonghak and Chondogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence$
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Carl Young

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838881

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.001.0001

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Tonghak and the Ilchinhoe, 1904–1906

Tonghak and the Ilchinhoe, 1904–1906

(p.78) Chapter 4 Tonghak and the Ilchinhoe, 1904–1906
Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way

Carl F. Young

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter reviews the events leading up to the formation of the Ilchinhoe and attempts to analyze what may have motivated the people and organizations involved in these events. At around the same time a mass organization called the Chinbohoe (Progress Society) was formed under Tonghak sponsorship in September 1904 under the leadership of Son's chief deputy in Korea, Yi Yong-gu, the Japanese had sponsored an organization called the Ilchinhoe (Advancement Society). It had a similar agenda to the Chinbohoe but was more overtly pro-Japanese and enjoyed Japanese military protection for its activities. Both organizations entered into negotiations and united in December 1904 with the purpose of forming a nationwide reformist organization that enjoyed Japanese military protection; however, a rupture would soon emerge between Son and Yi Yong-gu, leading to a change of name from Tonghak to Ch'ŏndogyo in December 1905, mainly to disassociate Tonghak from the Ilchinhoe.

Keywords:   Tonghak, Ch'ŏndogyo, Ilchinhoe, Chinbohoe, Son Pyŏng-hŭi, Yi Yong-gu, Japanese military, nationwide reformist organization

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