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Eastern Learning and the Heavenly WayThe Tonghak and Chondogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence$
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Carl Young

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838881

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838881.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 11 December 2018

Early Tonghak and the 1894 Rebellion

Early Tonghak and the 1894 Rebellion

(p.1) Chapter 1 Early Tonghak and the 1894 Rebellion
Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way

Carl F. Young

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter investigates Tonghak's founding and organization in the last half of the nineteenth century. Its founder, Ch'oe Che-u, started preaching his new religious ideas among peasants and marginalized members of the educated classes in southeastern Korea after a profound experience with the divine in 1860. The popularity of this new doctrine quickly drew the attention of local officials, who were concerned about the appeal of this unorthodox teaching. Hence the chapter looks at the reasons why the new religion proved appealing to a large number of rural people in southern Korea. It then discusses the internal issues within Tonghak connected to the 1894 rebellion in order to assess the impact of the uprising on Tonghak, its role in the conflict, and the historical impact of the rebellion on modern Korean history.

Keywords:   modern Korea, Tonghak, Ch'oe Che-u, 1894 rebellion, rural people, south Korea, southeastern Korea

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