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KyotoAn Urban History of Japan's Premodern Capital$
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Matthew Stavros

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838799

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838799.001.0001

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Castle-Town Kyoto

Castle-Town Kyoto

(p.151) 7 Castle-Town Kyoto

Matthew Stavros

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter 7 explores Kyoto’s post-war reconstruction under the successive leadership of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The first section examines Nobunaga’s impact on Kyoto’s urban landscape through the construction of the castle of Nijo in 1569. Besides transforming Kyoto into a castle town, Nijo’s creation contributed significantly to the city’s post-war redevelopment. The second section explores even more substantial changes under Hideyoshi. Through either the creation or rehabilitation of several major architectural projects, Hideyoshi clearly sought to use monumentalism as a means of co-opting and leveraging the authority of Kyoto’s traditional institutions. By accepting imperial honors, moving to Kyoto, and then taking up residence within a courtly palace, he signaled that his legitimacy was tied to public authority, not just military might. This section also explores several large-scale zoning projects and the creation of a wall around the entire city. A theme that runs through the chapter is how Nobunaga and Hideyoshi’s impact on Kyoto both established the framework for the early modern city and influenced the designs of the castle towns that proliferated throughout the archipelago from this period.

Keywords:   Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Nijo castle, Odoi, castle town, Jurakudai

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