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The Pacific Festivals of Aotearoa New ZealandNegotiating Place and Identity in a New Homeland$
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Jared Mackley-Crump

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838713

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838713.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see http://www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 21 November 2017

Migration and Festivalization

Migration and Festivalization

How New Zealand Became a Center of the Pacific Diaspora

Chapter:
(p.23) Chapter 1 Migration and Festivalization
Source:
The Pacific Festivals of Aotearoa New Zealand
Author(s):

Jared Mackley-Crump

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824838713.003.0002

This chapter discusses how Aotearoa New Zealand became a center of the Pacific diaspora. The great Pacific migrations began in the 1960s and peaked in the early 1970s, due to New Zealand’s economic expansion and resulting labour shortages. These migrations were facilitated by a much longer history between New Zealand and its Pacific neighbors. This economic expansion did not last, however, and subsequent recessions and major neoliberal economic reform, from the 1980s, adversely impacted the position of Pacific communities. It is in this environment that the first Pacific festivals began and the second half of this chapter explores the history of Pacific festivalization in Aotearoa, from early beginnings in the 1970s through to the vibrant multiplicity of events that now take place in the 2000s. It focuses on the two broad types that have evolved: the schools-driven Polyfest model, and the highly-public Pasifika festivals.

Keywords:   New Zealand, Pacific, migration, diaspora, neoliberal economic reform, 1980s, Polyfest, Pasifika, Pacific festivals

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