The Last Revolutionary Rebel
This chapter examines how the early Meiji political activist and writer Miyazaki Tōten engaged with the Chinese nationalist revolution and with Asia more generally. Miyazaki's bringing in remote Kyushu gave him a unique perspective on Japan's relationship with other parts of Asia, one that was diametrically opposed to the expansionist Meiji government. He criticized the boycott of Japanese-made goods following the May Fourth Movement in China, cautioning young students against creating a monster out of Chinese nationalism. This chapter first considers the geopolitical conditions in East Asia at the turn of the century before discussing Miyazaki's oral performance text Meiji Koxinga (1903). It then considers how the construction of a shared genderized East Asian cultural sphere of heroic and popular orality played a role in the Chinese Revolution and influenced modern Sino-Japanese relations. It also explores Pan-Asianism and how it became the blueprint for the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere in the 1940s before reaching its demise in 1945.
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