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The Lama QuestionViolence, Sovereignty, and Exception in Early Socialist Mongolia$
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Christopher Kaplonski

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838560

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838560.001.0001

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Women, Literacy, and Other Dangerous Things

Women, Literacy, and Other Dangerous Things

Chapter:
(p.65) Chapter 3 Women, Literacy, and Other Dangerous Things
Source:
The Lama Question
Author(s):

Christopher Kaplonski

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824838560.003.0004

The lama question was inextricably linked to culture, politics, and society as a whole. Alongside the struggle to defeat the Buddhist establishment, the government sought to create a new socialist world. This chapter explores two aspects of this new identity, the repositioning of women in Mongolian culture and society and the promotion of universal literacy. The latter had a double goal. One was to aid in the creation of socialism and a socialist identity. The other was to combat the influence of the monasteries which provided the primary source of education at the time. Women’s issues ranged over a wide variety of topics, including jobs, literacy, criminal law, and even dress and fashion. They afford a broader picture of the social changes taking place in Mongolia at the time. These issues thus serve as a useful window onto the means by which the state pursued its construction of socialism.

Keywords:   women, literacy, identity, gender, political violence, state of exception, Mongolia, political anthropology, Buddhism, socialism

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