This chapter begins with a history of Japan's acquisition of the Caroline, Mariana, and Marshall Islands in 1914, which made Nakayama Masami's—Tosiwo Nakayama's Japanese father—arrival in Chuuk possible. A very young Tosiwo Nakayama was largely oblivious to the international developments and negotiations that placed the islands under Japanese control. However, the consequences of that colonization and the war that eventually followed affected his life in profound and lasting ways, both personally and politically. In 1944, the privileges provided by his Japanese paternity dissolved under repeated American bombing that left significant areas of the Chuuk Lagoon in ruins. Unfortunately, the arrival of the United States did not bring liberation or more freedom, but simply another, even more alien colonizing regime.
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