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Surfing Places, Surfboard MakersCraft, Creativity, and Cultural Heritage in Hawaii, California, and Australia$
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Andrew Warren and Chris Gibson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838287

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838287.001.0001

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A Pacific Story

A Pacific Story

Surfboard Making in the Wood Era

Chapter:
(p.55) [2] A Pacific Story
Source:
Surfing Places, Surfboard Makers
Author(s):

Andrew Warren

Chris Gibson

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824838287.003.0003

This chapter focuses on surfboard making across the Pacific, from ancient times to the emergence of the first commercial surfboard makers and workshops in Hawaiʻi, California, and Australia in the 1940s and 1950s. This period encompasses the surfboard's “wooden” era, characterized by gradual changes in designs, materials, production techniques, and commercial markets. The chapter begins with a discussion of Hawaiian surfboard making and surfboard design, with particular emphasis on four styles of wooden boards (kālai papa heʻe nalu) produced by Hawaiian kahuna in ancient times: the olo, kikoʻo, alaia, and paipo. It then considers innovations in surfboard making in all three regions during the period 1900–1940 before turning to the emergence of a new generation of California surfers and surfboard makers that began seasonally migrating between California and Oʻahu in the years 1940–1950. The chapter highlights the new materials and manufacturing methods sought out by surfboard makers in all three corners of the Pacific.

Keywords:   surfboard making, Hawaiʻi, California, Australia, surfboard design, wooden boards, kahuna, surfers, surfboard makers

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