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The Kanak AwakeningThe Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia$
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David Chappell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838188

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838188.001.0001

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Nation Building in Perspective

Nation Building in Perspective

(p.234) Chapter 8 Nation Building in Perspective
The Kanak Awakening

David Chappell

University of Hawai'i Press

This concluding chapter puts nation building in perspective and reflects on the New Caledonia radicals' legacy and future hopes. It considers how metropolitan French politics and changing regional and international contexts, along with divisions and changes within loyalist and independence blocs, have complicated the decolonization of New Caledonia since World War II. It discusses the legacy of the Matignon-Oudinot and Noumea Accords, both of which have recognized the double legitimacy of settlers and Kanak and enacted significant decentralization with economic rebalancing and the institutionalization of Kanak identity. It also examines the contributions of the Foulards Rouges to the decolonization process, such as rallying international support for local self-determination. Finally, it explores how diasporas have helped to define the Kanak sense of nationhood in the face of France's conquest and discriminatory policies.

Keywords:   nation building, New Caledonia, independence, decolonization, Matignon-Oudinot Accords, Noumea Accord, Kanak, Foulards Rouges, diasporas, nationhood

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