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The Kanak AwakeningThe Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia$
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David Chappell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838188

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838188.001.0001

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Kanaky New Caledonia?

Kanaky New Caledonia?

(p.206) Chapter 7 Kanaky New Caledonia?
The Kanak Awakening

David Chappell

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the Matignon-Oudinot Accords of 1988 and the Noumea Accord of 1998, along with efforts at nation building in a globalizing world. The consensual peace accords of Matignon-Oudinot in 1988 and of Noumea in 1998 proposed economic “rebalancing” between the Kanak and non-Kanak communities and working toward a shared future in a context of restored autonomy. The Front de Libération Nationale Kanak et Socialiste's (FLNKS) confrontation with France and the settlers “created a nation where one had never existed before,” that is, Kanaky. This chapter first considers the results of the provincial elections of 2004 and the emergence of a new anti-Lafleur loyalist coalition called Avenir Ensemble. It then asks whether New Caledonia might become a Pacific-centered country, perhaps even a hybrid nation called Kanaky New Caledonia. It also explores the idea of a “Caledonian personality” and the adoption of new symbols expressing Kanak identity, such as a flag and a name.

Keywords:   nation building, Matignon-Oudinot Accords, Noumea Accord, Kanak, autonomy, Kanaky, Avenir Ensemble, New Caledonia, Caledonian personality, Kanak identity

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