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The Kanak AwakeningThe Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia$
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David Chappell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838188

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838188.001.0001

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Two Nations, One Country?

Two Nations, One Country?

(p.149) Chapter 5 Two Nations, One Country?
The Kanak Awakening

David Chappell

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter focuses on the formation of two major political blocs that articulated rival multiethnic visions of the nation. In the 1970s, Michel Foucault advocated “an insurrection of subjugated knowledges” in order to “establish a historical knowledge of struggles” and thereby liberate suppressed voices. The anticolonial movement in New Caledonia engaged in just such a campaign as they pushed the idea of independence into the public political discourse. This chapter first discusses the Melanesia 2000 arts festival held at Magenta beach in September 1975 and organized by Kanak cultural leaders such as Jean-Marie Tjibaou. It then considers the radicals' agenda, which included socialist restructuring and redistribution, sovereign independence, and the reorientation of the country's identity around a Kanak center. It also looks at the creation of the Parti de Libération Kanak, or Palika, and the Parti Socialiste Calédonien; the Association des Canaques en France's occupation of the foyer and declaration of a strike in 1976; and Overseas Minister Paul Dijoud's proposed recognition and promotion of Melanesians.

Keywords:   anticolonial movement, New Caledonia, independence, Melanesia 2000, Kanak, Palika, Parti Socialiste Calédonien, Association des Canaques en France, foyer, Paul Dijoud

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