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The Kanak AwakeningThe Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia$
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David Chappell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824838188

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824838188.001.0001

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The Kanak Awakening

The Kanak Awakening

(p.86) Chapter 3 The Kanak Awakening
The Kanak Awakening

David Chappell

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the emergence in New Caledonia of anticolonial protest groups in what became known as the Kanak Awakening of 1969. The riot of 1969 was led by Jean-Paul Caillard, Jean-Pierre Devillers, and Jean-Claude Suet. The young radicals of 1969 named their own bulletin Réveil Canaque (or Kanak Awakening) because they felt that the recolonization of their country required direct action. The chapter first considers the link between the anticolonial protests and labor militancy in New Caledonia's nickel mining sector before turning to the protest group called Foulards Rouges (Red Scarves). It also discusses the question of whether the anticolonial movement could create a new syncretism of Kanak cultural nationalism and Third World socialism; the demand for self-government by the Union Multiraciale de Nouvelle-Calédonie, led by Yann Céléné Uregei, and Foulards Rouges; and the implications of the UN General Assembly's Resolution 2621 for decolonization efforts in New Caledonia.

Keywords:   self-government, Kanak Awakening, Réveil Canaque, labor militancy, New Caledonia, nickel mining, anticolonial protests, Foulards Rouges, anticolonial movement, Yann Céléné Uregei

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