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The Kanak Awakening
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The Kanak Awakening: The Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia

David Chappell

Abstract

In 1853, France annexed the Melanesian islands of New Caledonia to establish a convict colony and strategic port of call. The territory's indigenous people remained more numerous than immigrants for over a century. Its thirty language groups survived on tribal reserves and nurtured customary traditions and identities. In addition, colonial segregation into the racial category of canaques helped them to find new unity. When neighboring anglophone colonies began to decolonize in the 1960s, France retained tight control of New Caledonia for its nickel reserves, reversing earlier policies that had ... More

Keywords: sovereignty, New Caledonia, indigenous people, colonial segregation, anticolonial protest, Kanak revolt, Kanak identity, cultural nationalism, land reform, self-government

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780824838188
Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824838188.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David Chappell, author
University of Hawai'i at Manoa