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Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian ThoughtRepresentation and Will and Their Indian Parallels$
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Stephen Cross

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824837358

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824837358.001.0001

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Beyond the Will: “Better Consciousness” and the “Pure Subject of Knowing”

Beyond the Will: “Better Consciousness” and the “Pure Subject of Knowing”

(p.193) Chapter Fifteen Beyond the Will: “Better Consciousness” and the “Pure Subject of Knowing”
Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian Thought

Stephen Cross

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines what lies beyond Arthur Schopenhauer’s doctrine of the will, given his argument that the will, in spite of being the metaphysical core of existence, does not constitute final reality. It begins with a discussion of two forms of consciousness articulated by Schopenhauer in the early Manuscript Remains: empirical consciousness and better consciousness (bessere Bewusstsein). It then expounds on the concept of better consciousness and how it differs from empirical consciousness and what Schopenhauer calls the subject of consciousness. It also explores a third form of consciousness found in Manuscript Remains, namely, the pure subject of knowing. Finally, it highlights some interesting points of contact between Schopenhauer’s better consciousness—or, expressed in negative form, denial of the will—and Indian conceptions.

Keywords:   will, Arthur Schopenhauer, final reality, Manuscript Remains, empirical consciousness, better consciousness, knowing

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