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Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian ThoughtRepresentation and Will and Their Indian Parallels$
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Stephen Cross

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824837358

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824837358.001.0001

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Advaita Vedānta: The World as Illusory Appearance

Advaita Vedānta: The World as Illusory Appearance

Chapter:
(p.78) Chapter Seven Advaita Vedānta: The World as Illusory Appearance
Source:
Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian Thought
Author(s):

Stephen Cross

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824837358.003.0007

This chapter examines Arthur Schopenhauer’s thoughts about the reality-status of the world and how they relate to the teaching of Advaita Vedānta regarding the doctrine of the ultimately unreal nature of the world. It first considers Śamkara’s doctrine of non-origination, in which he argues that the world has never truly come into being and exists only in appearance. It then explains how duality, in the shape of the empirical world, gives rise to a teaching of two standpoints, or drsti, in Advaita Vedānta: the standpoint of knowledge (or non-duality) and the standpoint of ignorance (or duality). It also explores the three stages of the principle of causality—satkārya-vāda, parināma-vāda, and bhedābheda-vāda—to highlight the conflicting positions with regard to the reality-status of the world.

Keywords:   reality-status, Arthur Schopenhauer, Advaita Vedānta, Śamkara, non-origination, appearance, duality, empirical world, ignorance, principle of causality

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