This chapter describes the historical and ethnocultural perspective of blacks in Hawaiʻi. Their history is primarily a story of independent arrivals, not the story of migrant laborers or missionaries who came in groups. For that reason, their story is very unlike the other groups in Hawaiʻi. Until World War II, these arrivals came from the U.S. mainland to settle in a place where they could work and live without the fear of slavery and its aftermath. Each one tells an individual tale, and those who stayed became part of Hawaiian society in their own way. After the war, those who stayed once again blended into Hawaiian society, often with a spouse of another race. Each of them lived life as a citizen of Hawaiʻi, proud of being black, but not often asked to identify him or herself by race.
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