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People and Cultures of Hawai'iThe Evolution of Culture and Ethnicity$
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John F. McDermott and Naleen Naupaka Andrade

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835804

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835804.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 October 2018

The Portuguese

The Portuguese

(p.81) Chapter 4 The Portuguese
People and Cultures of Hawai'i

Naleen Naupaka Andrade

Stephanie T. Nishimura

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter documents the lives of the Portuguese immigrants hoping to start a new life in Terra Nova, the “New Land”—their name for Hawaiʻi. Portuguese from the Atlantic islands of Madeira and the Azores were the largest group of Europeans to immigrate to Hawaiʻi during the sugar plantation era. A convergence of political, social, agricultural, and economic events had created the desperate necessity for Azoreans and Madeirans in the late nineteenth century to look for opportunities beyond their homeland. Among the Hawaiʻi immigrants were tenant farmers and sharecroppers, ranchmen, dairymen, fishermen, stonemasons, engineers, and skilled tradesmen who brought their intact, multigenerational extended families. Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, godparents, children, godchildren, and cousins were the members of the family, or la familia—the fundamental sociocultural unit of the Portuguese.

Keywords:   Portuguese immigrants, la familia, Azoreans, Madeirans, sugar plantations

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