This chapter documents the lives of the Portuguese immigrants hoping to start a new life in Terra Nova, the “New Land”—their name for Hawaiʻi. Portuguese from the Atlantic islands of Madeira and the Azores were the largest group of Europeans to immigrate to Hawaiʻi during the sugar plantation era. A convergence of political, social, agricultural, and economic events had created the desperate necessity for Azoreans and Madeirans in the late nineteenth century to look for opportunities beyond their homeland. Among the Hawaiʻi immigrants were tenant farmers and sharecroppers, ranchmen, dairymen, fishermen, stonemasons, engineers, and skilled tradesmen who brought their intact, multigenerational extended families. Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, godparents, children, godchildren, and cousins were the members of the family, or la familia—the fundamental sociocultural unit of the Portuguese.
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