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James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, and John C. Maraldo

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835521

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835521.001.0001

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The Zen Tradition

The Zen Tradition

(p.135) The Zen Tradition
Japanese Philosophy
James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, John C. Maraldo
University of Hawai'i Press

This section provides an overview of the Zen tradition and its philosophical significance. Zen Buddhism was one of the three new religious traditions that emerged during a time of political upheaval in Kamakura Japan, the other two being Nichiren Buddhism and the various forms of Pure Land Buddhism. Zen began with two strategies of development: an elitist approach that sought the patronage of the political centers of power and authority, and a separatist approach that founded monasteries for spiritual practice. There are two major medieval schools of Zen, Rinzai Zen and Sōtō Zen. This section also presents translations of a variety of texts by Japanese philosophers from the Zen tradition, including Dōgen, Musō Soseki, Ikkyū Sōjun, Takuan Sōhō, Suzuki Shōsan, and Shidō Bunan.

Keywords:   Zen Buddhism, Rinzai Zen, Sōtō Zen, Japanese philosophers, Dōgen, Musō Soseki, Ikkyū Sōjun, Takuan Sōhō, Suzuki Shōsan, Shidō Bunan

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