This section provides an overview of Buddhist traditions, with particular emphasis on their philosophical significance. Buddhism was one of the three streams of ethico-religious culture that have shaped Japanese philosophy over the past fourteen centuries, the other two being Shinto and Confucianism. However, Buddhism has been the most influential in shaping how the Japanese have thought about the most difficult and universal questions of human existence. The history of Buddhism in Japan dates back to as early as the fourth century, but its real impact began in the mid-sixth century with a political alliance between the Japanese emperor and the king of the Korean state of Paekche. This section also presents translations of a variety of texts by Japanese philosophers from the Buddhist traditions, including Kūkai, Kakuban, Myōe, Nichiren, Jiun Sonja, Ishizu Teruji, Nakamura Hajime, and Tamaki Kōshirō.
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