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Hard Times in the HometownA History of Community Survival in Modern Japan$
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Martin Dusinberre

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835248

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835248.001.0001

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Overseas Migration at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Overseas Migration at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

(p.83) 6 Overseas Migration at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Hard Times in the Hometown

Martin Dusinberre

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter studies one of the most extraordinary, yet least studied, aspects of Kaminoseki's modern history: overseas migration. From the late nineteenth century onward, hundreds of men and women left the town to earn money abroad. Today, however, only the remnants of Kaminoseki's transnational era remain—objects such as Matsubara Daikichi's monument to his ancestors, erected in 1917 under Iwaishima's Thousand-Year Pine. The chapter uses the rediscovered Murotsu documents to provide a more detailed analysis of some of the causes of Japan's overseas diaspora, particularly by linking the origin of the overseas migrants to the Edo period administrative division of both Murotsu and Kaminoseki villages into port and inland areas. This longer perspective allows for a more accurate measurement of the economic decline of the straits communities in quantitative and qualitative terms.

Keywords:   modern Kaminoseki, overseas migration, transnational era, Matsubara Daikichi, Thousand-Year Pine, Murotsu documents, Edo period

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