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Ainu Spirits SingingThe Living World of Chiri Yukie's Ainu Shin'yoshu$
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Sarah M. Strong

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835125

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835125.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see http://www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 April 2018

Chiri Yukie and the Origins of the Ainu Shin’yōshū

Chiri Yukie and the Origins of the Ainu Shin’yōshū

Chapter:
(p.1) Chapter One Chiri Yukie and the Origins of the Ainu Shin’yōshū
Source:
Ainu Spirits Singing
Author(s):

Sarah M. Strong

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824835125.003.0001

This chapter first sets out the book's focus: one strand of the vast river of oral tradition that Chiri Yukie (1903–1922), a young Horobetsu Ainu woman, received from grandmother Monashnouk (1848–1931), namely the Ainu shin'yōshū (Collection of Ainu chants of spiritual beings). This was the only part of her oral heritage that she was able to transcribe, translate, and arrange to have published during her short life. Yukie had created this manuscript, containing thirteen kamui yukar (chants of spiritual beings) in the Horobetsu Ainu dialect, by transcribing the Ainu words in the Latin alphabet and providing facing Japanese translations. The remainder of the chapter discusses the Ainu and their oral culture; Yukie's girlhood and receipt of oral traditions; and Yukie's encounter with wajin (ethnic Japanese) linguist Kinda'ichi Kyōsuke and the writing of the Ainu shin'yōshū.

Keywords:   Horobetsu Ainu, Ainu shin'yōshū, Chiri Yukie, Monashnouk, oral tradition, chants, spiritual beings, oral culture, Kinda'ichi Kyōsuke

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