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Confluences of Medicine in Medieval JapanBuddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War$
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Andrew Edmund Goble

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824835002

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.001.0001

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A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas

A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas

Chapter:
(p.46) Chapter 3 A Silk Road of Pharmaceuticals and Formulas
Source:
Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan
Author(s):

Andrew Edmund Goble

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824835002.003.0003

This chapter examines the pharmaceutical aspects of the new knowledge available in the East Asian macroculture and how Kajiwara Shōzen benefited from access to and information about materia medica transported along the so-called Pharmaceutical Silk Road. The chapter first considers the increasing availability of overseas materia medica as well as the technical challenges faced by Shōzen in trying to understand formulas and materia medica. It then discusses some of the changes in Chinese medicine between the Tang and Song eras and the influence of Islamic medicine on Song medicine. It also explores the new illness category of disorders of qi and how it was understood by Shōzen. It concludes with some examples of Shōzen's use of formulas to illustrate how the preceding elements converged to influence Japanese medicine.

Keywords:   materia medica, East Asia, macroculture, Kajiwara Shōzen, Pharmaceutical Silk Road, formulas, Chinese medicine, Islamic medicine, disorders of qi, Japanese medicine

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