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Women's Movements and the Filipina1986-2008$
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Mina Roces

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834999

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834999.001.0001

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Women’s Movements and Womanhood

(p.1) Introduction
Women's Movements and the Filipina

Mina Roces

University of Hawai'i Press

This introductory chapter presents an overview and historiography of women's movements and discourses on womanhood in the Philippines. It examines the roots of feminism in the Philippines with the suffrage movement in the 1920s, as well as Filipino women's political participation on a broader scale. The chapter then explores Filipino feminisms in the local and international contexts, including the nation's history of colonialism which has since shaped contemporary Filipino womanhood. And although there is no doubt that Filipino feminist theory was influenced by international literature on the topic, Western feminism was immediately targeted as alien by activists who were self-conscious about their nationalist-democratic roots (as leftists). A rejection of the imperial hold also implied a rejection of imperial mentalities, including feminism.

Keywords:   women's movements, Filipino women, Filipino womanhood, political participation, Filipino feminisms, Western feminism, colonialism

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