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Out of BoundsAnglo-Indian Literature and the Geography of Displacement$
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Alan Johnson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834838

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834838.001.0001

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“I Want to Send India to England”

“I Want to Send India to England”

The Aesthetics of Landscape and the Colonial Home

(p.46) Chapter 1 “I Want to Send India to England”
Out of Bounds

Alan Johnson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter draws on archival materials and historical studies to contextualize the ways in which Europeans looked upon Indian landscapes, and how these landscapes befuddled European presuppositions about the subcontinent, including the aesthetic concepts of the sublime and the picturesque. Drawing on nineteenth-century British representations of India by John Ruskin, G. A. Henty, and Harriet Tytler, this chapter discusses the ways in which imperial iconographies of British India—the concept of the picturesque and the treatment of land as “virgin soil” ready for development—compare with Anglo-Indian depictions of the same. The chapter as a whole illustrates how the British tended to represent India's natural environment in terms of order and disorder: managed Garden and untamable Jungle, bordered stations and disordered bazaars. Anglo-Indians' bicultural outlook, by contrast, presents a world in which the garden and the jungle are never separable but instead always overlapping.

Keywords:   Indian landscapes, European aesthetic, British India, Anglo-Indian depictions of India, natural environment, Rikki-tikki-tavi, Rudyard Kipling

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