Recapturing the Past
This chapter focuses on the preservation of historic buildings and archaeological sites, and how it has been something of a national crusade. In 1966, Congress passed the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), which accomplished four major things. First, it created the National Register of Historic Places; second, it led to the appointment of a State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO); third, the legislation established the Historic Preservation Fund; and finally, the NHPA created the President’s Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. The reasons for promoting preservation range from the desire to preserve links with the past to the retention of tourist attractions. However, historic properties are expensive to purchase and maintain. Therefore, in times of tight budgets and increasing demand upon government at all levels, reliance on such acquisitions to save a substantial share of historic sites is misplaced.
Keywords: historic preservation, historic properties, archaeological sites, National Historic Preservation Act, National Register of Historic Places, Historic Preservation Fund, historic building preservation
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