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Mediating Across DifferenceOceanic and Asian Approaches to Conflict Resolution$
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Morgan Brigg and Roland Bleiker

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834593

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834593.001.0001

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Crossing Borders

Crossing Borders

Indonesian Experience with Local Conflict Resolution

Chapter:
(p.185) Chapter 9 Crossing Borders
Source:
Mediating Across Difference
Author(s):

Frans deJalong

Muhadi Sugiono

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824834593.003.0010

This chapter examines two of Indonesia's most noted traditional conflict resolution methods in the context of recent ethnoreligious conflicts. It shows that Pela Gandong of Ambon and Motambu Tana of Poso are ties of brotherhood across religious and ethnic differences that have emerged over centuries in specific locales. These practices have proved successful over time for managing violent conflict, including when they were used as a ‘last resort’ in recent communal conflict. But there are problems in the prevailing tendency to view as static and even primordial the inherently dynamic practices of Pela Gandong and Motambu Tana. These practices derive their efficacy from long-standing concrete local interactions. To frame them as unchanging ignores the grounds of their efficacy and compromises efforts to revive Pela Gandong and Motambu Tana at a time when they are under pressure from state-led forces of modernisation and the introduction of modern Western conflict resolution practices.

Keywords:   Indonesia, Pela Gandong, Motambu Tana, communal conflicts, religious differences, ethnic differences, local interactions, ethnoreligious conflicts

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