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Immigrants to the Pure LandThe Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941$
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Michihiro Ama

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834388

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834388.001.0001

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Rethinking Acculturation in the Postmodern World

Rethinking Acculturation in the Postmodern World

(p.189) Conclusion Rethinking Acculturation in the Postmodern World
Immigrants to the Pure Land

Michihiro Ama

University of Hawai'i Press

This concluding chapter asserts that the organizational amendments, ritual alterations, and doctrinal interpretations of Honpa Honganji Mission of Hawaii (HHMH) and the Buddhist Mission of North America (BMNA) are deeply rooted in the forces of globalization. Each mission or church was under the authority of local state law, though the governor of Hawaii initially opposed the incorporation of the HHMH, while the board of the Seattle Bukkyōkai and the Buddhist group in Raymond, Canada, first registered their organizations as nonreligious associations in conformity with local state regulations. At the same time, Shin clergy—in particular, the heads of the HHMH and the BMNA—maintained close relations with their regional Japanese consuls, who often helped them mediate the breakup of a local bukkyōkai.

Keywords:   organizational amendments, Honpa Honganji Mission of Hawaii, HHMH, Buddhist Mission of North America, BMNA, bukkyōkai, Japanese consuls

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