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Immigrants to the Pure LandThe Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941$
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Michihiro Ama

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834388

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834388.001.0001

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The Transformation of Shin Buddhist Rituals and Architecture

The Transformation of Shin Buddhist Rituals and Architecture

(p.87) Chapter Four The Transformation of Shin Buddhist Rituals and Architecture
Immigrants to the Pure Land

Michihiro Ama

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter presents the problem of ritual adaptation. When Americanization and Japanization of Shin ritual are woven together, the acculturation of the Buddhist service appears to be more complex. First, ritual practice appeared to be discursive in the early period of Shin propagation. Only during the 1930s did the Buddhist Mission of North America (BMNA) standardize the procedure of major annual services and work out a dress code for ministers. Second, the composition of Buddhist songs or hymns, known as gathas, demonstrates not only a two-way process of acculturation but also the re-importation of the hymnal to the Buddhist community in Japan and the BMNA’s borrowing of the hymnal from the Honpa Honganji Mission of Hawaii.

Keywords:   ritual adaptation, Shin ritual, Shin propagation, Buddhist songs, gathas

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