Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Seven Tengu ScrollsEvil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Haruko Wakabayashi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834166

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 16 December 2018



(p.161) Conclusion
The Seven Tengu Scrolls

Haruko Wakabayashi

University of Hawai'i Press

This concluding chapter reviews the meaning of tengu and discusses in broader context how ma, the Buddhist concept of evil, is socially constructed—not only to explain problems that exist in the world, but also to justify the existence of an institution that depends on its presence to survive. Images of tengu, particularly those related to the concept of ma, demonstrate the extent to which the Buddhist definition of evil impacted religious and secular societies in medieval Japan. Buddhist institutions were powerful entities not only where religion was concerned, but also in political and economic matters, where they relied on their close ties to the court and warrior elites. They also were responsible for defining and creating the predominant images of evil throughout the period, and did so to defend and legitimize their authority.

Keywords:   tengu, ma, Buddhism, evil, medieval Japan, Buddhist institutions, religion

Hawaii Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.