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Imperial ArchipelagoRepresentation and Rule in the Insular Territories under U.S. Dominion after 1898$
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Lanny Thompson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834012

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834012.001.0001

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Strategies for Americanization

Strategies for Americanization

(p.141) Chapter 4 Strategies for Americanization
Imperial Archipelago

Lanny Thompson

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter analyzes strategies for the Americanization of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The Americanization of these sites was conceived in metaphors: to cultivate the paradise, educate the child, and tutor in the ways of self-government. Aside from Hawaii, which was already substantially Americanized through settlement, these former Spanish colonies would require three general strategies: (1) capital investment and expanded commerce (including development of infrastructure, especially roads and communication); (2) public education; and (3) political tutelage. The displacement of the Spanish and the arrival of the European American administrators, both military and civilian, led to the creation of a new political and economic order. Since both rational economic activity and representative government were founded upon literacy, public education was a central concern. While Americanization meant economic control by American capital, the introduction of American technology and goods, and American ways of doing business, it also meant the education of children, both literal and metaphorical. The literal children were the new generations that would be brought up in public schools. The metaphorical children were the adults who would benefit from new technologies, consume new products, and be apprentices in the arts of self-government. In general, this was the narrative that justified imperial dominion.

Keywords:   Americanization, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines, capital investment, public education, political tutelage

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