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Soldiers on the Cultural FrontDevelopments in the Early History of North Korean Literature and Literary Policy$
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Tatiana Gabroussenko

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833961

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833961.001.0001

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North Korean Critics as Political Executioners

North Korean Critics as Political Executioners

(p.134) 5 North Korean Critics as Political Executioners
Soldiers on the Cultural Front

Tatiana Gabroussenko

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter considers the phenomenon of North Korean literary criticism in the period 1945–1960 and its role in the development of North Korean literature. Particular attention is given to the political campaigns and purges of 1947–1960, along with the role of the North Korean critics in these events. It examines events in the North Korean literary world of 1947–1960 to demonstrate the political essence of North Korean criticism, including the “Ŭnghyang incident” (1947); conflicts motivated by factional interests, an example of which was the debate over Cho Ki-ch'ŏn's poem Paektusan (Paektu Mountain); and the campaigns against Yi T'ae-jun, Kim Nam-ch'ŏn, and Yim Hwa. It also discusses Kim Il Sung's attack against the Soviet Koreans, along with the waning of such campaigns. Finally, it reflects on the impact of literary criticism on North Korean literature.

Keywords:   literary criticism, North Korean literature, political campaigns, purges, Ŭnghyang incident, Paektusan, Yi T'ae-jun, Kim Nam-ch'ŏn, Yim Hwa, Soviet Koreans

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