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Soldiers on the Cultural FrontDevelopments in the Early History of North Korean Literature and Literary Policy$
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Tatiana Gabroussenko

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833961

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833961.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use (for details see www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 January 2019

Soviet Koreans in North Korean Literature

Soviet Koreans in North Korean Literature

The Case of Cho Ki-ch’ŏn

(p.46) 2 Soviet Koreans in North Korean Literature
Soldiers on the Cultural Front

Tatiana Gabroussenko

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the Soviet influence on North Korean literature by considering the activity of Russianized or Soviet Koreans, with particular emphasis on Cho Ki-ch'ŏn (1913–1951). Soviet Koreans combined a Soviet upbringing and mentality with a strong sense of belonging to the Korean ethnic community. They were regarded by the Soviet administration as invaluable intermediaries in dealing with North Korean society, and especially in the transformation of North Korean literature and the arts into crucial propaganda tools of the nascent Communist state. This chapter situates Cho within the political and literary context of his time. It analyzes Cho's impact on North Korean literature and literary politics of the late 1940s and early 1950s by turning to some of his works, including Paektusan (Paektu Mountain), and other poems glorifying socialist realism. It also discusses Cho's career during the Korean War and concludes by assessing his legacy.

Keywords:   poems, North Korean literature, Soviet Koreans, Cho Ki-ch'ŏn, North Korea, propaganda, literary politics, Paektusan, socialist realism, Korean War

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