- Title Pages
- 1 The Notion of <i>Shari‘a</i>
- 2 Is There Unity of Islam and the State?
- 3 Dissonant Implementation of <i>Shari‘a</i>
- 4 Between Nation and Millet
- 5 Islamization in Indonesia
- 6 Different Conceptions of Nationalism
- 7 Formation of the Indonesian State
- 8 Reproducing the Millet System
- 9 Constitutional Dissonance
- 10 Bringing Back the ‘Seven Words’
- 11 The Failure of Amendment
- 12 Limiting Human Rights
- 13 The Institutionalization of <i>Zakat</i>
- 14 Managing the Collection of <i>Zakat</i>
- 15 Legislating <i>Zakat</i> Payment
- 16 Overlapping <i>Zakat</i> and Taxation
- 17 Formalizing <i>Shari‘a</i> Locally Through <i>Ulama</i>
- 18 <i>Ulama</i> and <i>Qanun</i> Lawmaking
- 19 After the Tsunami
- About the Author
- Production Notes
- (p.169) Conclusion
- Challenging the Secular State
- University of Hawai'i Press
This concluding chapter reviews the dissonances found in the motivations behind the process of Islamization. These dissonances essentially arise because of the difficulty in reconciling the centrality of sharia for pious Muslims with the fundamental importance of the plural religious system that is at the heart of Indonesia as a secular state. To highlight this concern, the chapter presents the key findings of this study and seeks to demonstrate the complexity of legal and political dissonance in the implementation of sharia in Indonesia. Finally, the chapter demonstrates how religious practices and sociopolitical life in Indonesia have been reconfigured by attempts to Islamize laws, and how this has meant as much an Indonesianization of shariʻa as an Islamization of Indonesia.
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