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Crossing Empire's EdgeForeign Ministry Police and Japanese Expansionism in Northeast Asia$
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Erik Esselstrom

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780824832315

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832315.001.0001

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The Struggle for Security in Occupied China

The Struggle for Security in Occupied China

(p.119) 5 The Struggle for Security in Occupied China
Crossing Empire's Edge

Erik Esselstrom

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the further expansion of Gaimushō police facilities and operations in Manzhouguo and China proper during the mid-1930s and throughout the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–1945. More specifically, it considers the consular police's war against communism and anticolonial resistance in occupied China, along with the expanded scope of their surveillance. It also explains how Japan's consular police forces continued to play an active role in prosecuting the war on Korean independence movement in exile even as the campaign against Chinese communism and Soviet intrigue took a more signifiant position at the forefront of consular police goals and strategy. Finally, the chapter discusses the consular police's relations with the Japanese Army, whose invasion of North China led the Gaimushō to craft a role for itself in the pacification of occupied territories.

Keywords:   consular police, Gaimushō, Manzhouguo, China, communism, anticolonial resistance, surveillance, Japan, Korean independence movement, Japanese Army

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