Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Hidden Hands and Divided Landscapes
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Hidden Hands and Divided Landscapes: A Penal History of Singapore's Plural Society

Anoma Pieris


During the nineteenth century, the colonial Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang, and Melaka were established as free ports of British trade in Southeast Asia and proved attractive to large numbers of regional migrants. Following the abolishment of slavery in 1833, the Straits government transported convicts from the East India Company's Indian presidencies to the settlements as a source of inexpensive labor. The prison became the primary experimental site for the colonial plural society and convicts were graduated by race and the labor needed for urban construction. This book investigates ... More

Keywords: Singapore, free ports, British trade, Straits Settlements, colonial prison, penal labor system, racial politics, penal resistance, plural city

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780824832216
Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824832216.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anoma Pieris, author
University of Melbourne